Geneticists reconstructed the faces of three Egyptian mummies



 The faces of mummies three men who lived in ancient Egypt were reconstructed by scientists,  showed the New York Post on September 27th. These new digital reconstructions represent these men as they were at 25 years old. 


South of Cairo is Abousir el-Meleq , an ancient Egyptian city located in a floodplain. It is in this city that the three mummies were buried between 1380 BC. J. -C . and 425 AD. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History in Tübingen , Germany, had already  sequenced the DNA of mummies in 2017 ,  thus achieving the first successful reconstruction of the genome of an ancient Egyptian mummy.


Four years later, researchers from Parabon NanoLabs , a DNA processing biotechnology company in Reston , Virginia, took over. Using genetic data collected in 2017, the team created 3D models of the mummy's faces through a process called forensic DNA phenotyping. The process uses genetic analysis to predict the shape of facial features as well as other aspects of physical appearance.


Parabon NanoLabs' methods revealed that all three men had light brown skin, dark eyes and hair, and were genetically closer to present-day Mediterranean populations than to present-day Egypt. “ This is the first time that a complete DNA phenotyping has been performed on such aged human genetic data ,” Parabon  NanoLabs prides itself in a statement. The company revealed the faces of the mummies on September 15, at the 32nd International Symposium for Human Identification, a conference that publicizes new DNA- related discoveries in Orlando, Florida. 

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